The entire section below came from a research guide from Butler University Libraries. To avoid plagiarism, one must provide a reference to that source to indicate where the original information came from (see the "Source:" section below).
READ THE SOURCE IN ITS ENTIRETY
TAKE DETAILED NOTES AS YOU READ
RETURN TO YOUR NOTES LATER
CONSULT WITH THE EXPERTS
Source: Avoiding Plagiarism: How to Avoid Plagiarism. Butler University Libraries.
When quoting directly, put quotation marks around the exact words you are quoting and keep the person’s name near the quote (remember not to overuse direct quotes as they might decrease the effectiveness of your work). If the quotation is longer than forty words, write it as an indented separate paragraph and give in-text reference.
When quoting indirectly (paraphrasing or summarising), begin with a statement giving credit to the source (e.g. According to…,) and rewrite the key ideas using different words and sentence structures than the original text.
1. When paraphrasing or summarising, read the text carefully then rewrite it in your own words. Then check to make sure you haven’t used the same words or phrases. It is important that the information in the original text be recorded correctly.
2. A combination of direct and indirect quoting is also very common. Make the differentiation clear by using quotation marks for direct quotes.
Source: Plagiarism Handout. METU Academic Writing Center